Mount Everest: China and Nepal agree on peak after years of dispute
The highest mountains in the world, located on the border between Nepal and Tibet in the Himalayas, are at 8848.86 meters (approximately 29,032 feet), officials from both countries announced on December 8, 2020. This is less than a meter longer than previously known. .
The agreement marked the end of a long-running dispute over the size of the mountain, called Sagarmatha in Nepal and Qomolangma in Tibet. Over the years, the two countries – as well as other governments around the world – have provided varying degrees of altitude.
“The project was a source of pride for Nepal and a great achievement for the Nepali government. I am very proud that we have been able to complete this project,” Susheel Dangol, Deputy Director General at the Department of Survey in Nepal, told CNN. “Nepal and China jointly analyzed the findings and found the results.”
The meeting was attended by Nepal’s Foreign Minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi.
In 2005, the Chinese mountain survey said that it stood at about 8,844 meters (about 29,015 feet).
However, since the survey was not approved by Nepal, the country did not realize that it was actually a long distance. At the time, he was using a figure of 8,848 meters (29,029 feet), according to a 1955 Indian survey.
And in 2015, a number of scientific studies have suggested that the ascent of the mountain may have changed after the 7.8 magnitude earthquake shook Nepal. Two years later, the Nepali government for the first time embarked on a long and arduous campaign to recapture its length.
During a visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping to Nepal last year, both countries agreed that they should all announce this length, and that the figure is “an eternal symbol of the relationship between Nepal and China.” China began measuring from the side of the Tibetan mountain following the Xi voyage.
China sent a team of eight people to conduct their research. Since then, both sides have been scrutinizing their findings.
New distances are calculated using a combination of geodetics received from three sources: a measuring device, a magnetic meter and a GPS. The team placed the receiver at each lift point, measured the amount of time it took for the signals to move between the receiver and the satellites – and then adjust the measurement to the height.
Sugam Pokharel was speaking from Kathmandu. Rhea Mogul contributed from Hong Kong.