Fifteen books with which to travel via nature when journeying out is not possible

Ngati pakhala chaka chimodzi kuti muwerenge mabuku owerenga zachilengedwe, ndi ichi. Kudzera mu 2020 tidangoyenda kupyola zipinda zathu, ndipo kwenikweni, zokambirana zokha zomwe tili nazo pakadali pano ndi momwe tingaletsere kuwononga dziko lathuli.

Moona mtima, mwina simungapeze shelufu yoyendera zachilengedwe m’sitolo yamabuku; ndi mtundu womwe ndidapanga kuti ndifotokoze mabuku apaulendo okhala ndi “chilengedwe” chopindika, omwe amayang’ana kwambiri malo, nyengo, botani. Zowona chidwi changa pa izi chidayamba kalekale kusanachitike, kulimbikitsidwa ndikufufuza buku latsopanoli, kukonda komwe kumakhalapo kwa zinthu zobiriwira – mwina chifukwa ndidasamukira munyumba yapansi yokhala ndi dimba laling’ono – komanso chidwi cha mitundu yonse yazidziwitso za chilengedwe.

Kufuna kwanga pampando kwandifikitsa kutali. Kuyambira chapakatikati pa zaka za m’ma 1900 nkhani zodutsa zigwa za Sylhet, kudzera m’mapiri a “Kassiya”, kupita kumalo osungira anthu okhaokha m’nkhalango zakutali za Siberia, kutsatira mitsinje kudera lokongola la Sussex mpaka kuthamangitsa nkhungu koyambirira kwa zaka za m’ma 1900 ku Japan. Zomwe ndidaphunzira panjira ndikuti kulembera zabwino zachilengedwe ndimayendedwe osati kokha chifukwa chakuti zimakutengerani kudziko lapansi, kumalo odziwika bwino komanso atsopano, komanso, kuti mupindule ndi John Muir, zimakupatsani mwayi “woyendamo”.

Ambiri mwa olemba awa akuyenda ndichisangalalo chosangalatsa (ndipo amatha kutero), ambiri chifukwa amafunafuna machiritso, ndipo mwachilengedwe amawapeza, ndiyeno pali ena omwe amafuna opitilira muyeso, kuti mwina, kubwereka ku Thoreau, “khalani mwadala”. Kwa ena, zonsezi ndi izi.

Ndinaphunziranso kuti kuyenda kwachilengedwe kumakhala kotsamira koyera – monga, ndimomwe zonse zimayendera polemba mbiri. Azungu adapita kukawona dziko lapansi, chifukwa, chabwino, amatha kuthandizanso pazokhumba zawo m’njira yaying’ono ndi magulu achikoloni.

Chifukwa chake pali kusiyanasiyana pang’ono – osangotengera olemba okha, komanso kuyandikira. A Jini Reddy, wolemba Wanderland, adandiuza izi. “Zofotokozazi zimakhala zokhudzana ndikuwona,” adatero, “m’malo mofufuza momwe zimakhudzidwira kapena kulumikizana. M’mafilosofi ambiri amawoneka ofanana. ”

Posachedwapa mphepo yayamba kusintha, ndi olemba ngati Reddy, wobadwira ku London kwa makolo aku India omwe adakulira mu nthawi ya tsankho ku South Africa, akuwonekera. Ngakhale zili choncho ndimavutika kupeza maakaunti, amakono kapena ena, ndi Amwenye Achimereka, ndi olemba wamba ochokera ku South America, kapena ku Asia konse. Mwina ndiyenera kudziyesa ndekha m’njira zina momwe “kuyenda-kwachilengedwe” kumakhalirako – mchikhalidwe chamlomo ngati nyimbo ndi nkhani. Pakadali pano, werengani mabuku otsatirawa, omwe ndikuyembekeza asangalatsa, akusangalatsani, akusangalatsani, ndikusinthani momwe adandichitira.

Ulendo waku Lapland, Carl Linnaeus, 1732

Botanist waku Sweden uyu, wokhudzidwa kwambiri ndi taxonomy, pambuyo pake m’moyo wake adagawa mtundu wamunthu molingana ndi khungu (Amwenye Ofiira, Yellow Chinese, ndi zina) koma apa, mu travelogue yodabwitsa iyi, timakumana naye ngati wachinyamata, wosafikirabe, wokonda tsankho kupita kukafufuza Lapland yakutali. Cholinga chake ndikubweretsa chilengedwe kudziko lachilengedwe, motero dzilimbikitseni kutchula mayina ambiri azomera – komabe, zomwe adawona malo, Asami, ndi mphalapala wawo wokondeka ndizodabwitsa komanso zosangalatsa. Amakhala ndi misewu yoipa – misewu yoyipa, nyengo yoyipa, pony osamvera – koma pali chisangalalo chochuluka munjira yake.

Magazini oyenda ku Assam, Burma, Bootan, Affghanistan ndi mayiko oyandikana nawo, William Griffith, 1847

Monga momwe zimakhalira nthawi imeneyo, Griffith anali dokotala, wazachilengedwe, komanso wazomera zonse pamodzi. Udindo wake monga dokotala wa zachipatala udamupititsa ku Madras, Burma, kumapiri a Sikkim, ku Himalaya mozungulira Shimla, ndi zigwa za Assam. Zinali zosangalatsa kuwerenga “September 14 – Tinafika powona malo okwera kwambiri omwe timayenera kukhala mapiri a Kassiya.” Zosasangalatsa kwambiri ndimalingaliro ake okhudza nzika zakomweko: “Zosadetsedwa, zoyipa kwambiri.” Ngati mutha kudumpha tsankho, magazini ake ndi malo osungira chuma – mapiri akunyumba yanga momwe analiri zaka mazana awiri zapitazo. Nayi njira yodutsa m’nkhalango zakuya, maulendo apaboti kutsika mitsinje yayikulu, yonyezimira, komanso chisangalalo choyenda mtunda wautali kupita ku “Gowahatty”.

Magazini a Himalaya: Kapena, Zolemba za Wachilengedwe ku Bengal, Sikkim ndi Nepal Himalaya, mapiri a Khasia, James Dalton Hooker, 1854

M’modzi mwa akatswiri ofufuza zamabotolo ku Britain nthawi yake, Hooker adayenda padziko lonse lapansi – ku Arctic, ku New Zealand, kumapiri a Rocky ndi California, Morocco, komanso ku Britain India. M’magawo awiri, amayenda kutalika kwa dera lakum’mawa – Sikkim, “Dorjiling”, malire a Tibet, Chittagong, ndi “Churra”, masiku ano a Cherrapunjee, kapena Sohra m’mapiri a Khasi. Apa adadabwitsidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa mitengo ya kanjedza, nsungwi, ma orchid ndi rhododendron, ndipo mwina ndi m’modzi mwa alendo oyamba aku Western omwe adalemba za “milatho yazamoyo” yotchuka ya Sohra.

Kukumbukira za Moyo Wosangalala, Marianne North, 1893

Wojambula komanso wamankhwala Marianne North amayenda yekha kuzungulira dziko lapansi, penti bokosi m’manja, panthawi yomwe kunali kovuta kuti azimayi atero. Inde, anali wolemera komanso woyera – komanso wopanduka modabwitsa. Zolemba zake ndi nthawi yake yambiri – musayembekezere kucheza ndi nzika zakomweko kulikonse, pokhapokha iwonso akhale olemera kapena akuluakulu kapena achifumu, koma malo omwe amapitako ndizosangalatsa – Java, Borneo, South Africa, South America, Japan, Jamaica, Sri Lanka, ndi kutalika ndi kufalikira kwa Britain India. Njira yonse, iye sanakhumudwe modabwitsa – ngakhale panjira yoterera yamapiri, mamita 2,000 mmwamba, mvula yamphamvu. “Amuna anga adandinyamula mokongola.”

Munda wa Asia, Reginald Farrer, 1904

Unali msinkhu wa osaka mbewu, ndipo Farrer anayenda kwambiri kudutsa ku Asia kufunafuna mitundu yazomera yomwe akanatha kupita nayo kwawo ku North Yorkshire. Ankakonda kwambiri minda yamiyala komanso mu The Garden of Asia, nkhani yokhudza maulendo ake kudutsa ku Japan, malongosoledwe ake ndiosangalatsa kwambiri: “[The garden] sanali wofunitsitsa kutchuka. Sinkangokhalira kufunafuna zigunda kapena milatho ndi zinthu zina. Koma zinali zabwino kwambiri. ” Amapeza “chisangalalo chenicheni m’maso” poyendayenda. Chosangalatsa ndichakuti mafotokozedwe ake ndiwowoneka bwino: “Nkuntho yaku Japan ndi kanema wofooka… chinsalu m’malo owonera maloto – ndiwowoneka bwino, wakutali, wodabwitsa chifukwa chosakwaniritsidwa.”

M’dziko la Blue Poppy, Francis Kingdon Ward

M’bukuli mutha kupeza zolemba za a Francis Kingdon Ward, osonkhanitsa mbewu omwe amadziwika kuti anali opulumuka komanso osapulumuka paulendo wawo wopita ku China, Tibet, ndi Southeast Asia. Ndiwonso wolemba woseketsa modabwitsa – wonena maakaunti ake ndi ma anecdotes, komanso maupangiri othandiza kwa ena omwe akufuna kukhala akatswiri azomera. “Kulambira mitundu yatsopano ndikupembedza mafano kwambiri,” akutero mwanzeru, “duwa lokongola lidakali lokongola, ngakhale mamiliyoni adaliwona, kapena m’modzi, kapena awiri, kapena ayi.”

The Snow Leopard, Peter Matthiessen, 1978

Buku lakaleli lili ndi nkhani yozimitsa chidwi kwambiri – kotero mukumva kuti mukutsatira a Matthiessen paulendo wawo wa miyezi iwiri ku Nepal, kufunafuna kambuku wopeka wachipale chofewa. Zimatembenuka mwachangu ndikufufuza zauzimu, atapeza kuti thupi lake silikuyenda bwino patangotha ​​milungu iwiri kuchokera paulendowu – ali ndi zowawa zoyipa, zida zake zonse ndizonyowa, masokosi ndi kabudula wamkati atang’ambika, magalasi asweka, ndi zina zotero monk minimalism amadzichotsera zodzikongoletsa mdziko lapansi, kuphatikiza wotchi yake, chifukwa “nthawi yomwe ikunenedwa ikutaya tanthauzo lililonse.”

Solace of Open Spaces, Gretel Ehrlich, 1985

Zolemba izi zidayamba ngati mndandanda wazolemba zosaphika zomwe Ehrlich akanagawana ndi mnzake – pomwe anali kulimbana ndi chisoni atamwalira munthu yemwe amamukonda. Adasamukira kuzidikha za Wyoming, ndikuponya zovala zake zamzinda, adaphunzira kukwera ndi zingwe, ndikupulumutsa nkhosa, ndikupulumuka nyengo yozizira yopanda 30-degree. “Pokhala chete komwe kuzizira kumabweretsa ndimamva ngati munthu woyamba padziko lapansi – kapena womaliza.” Mwa “mphwayi zenizeni” za malowa, Ehrlich amapeza kukhazikika, kukhazikika, chiyembekezo.

Wachilengedwe, Jay Griffiths, 2006

Odyssey iyi ya buku imatsata Griffiths pamaulendo ake kupita kumadera otsala otsala adziko lapansi. Ndi travelogue inde, koma zochulukirapo – ndizokumbukira, komanso manifesto achikazi, buku lowerengera za anthropological, buku lazitsogozo lazilankhulo mdziko lachilengedwe, komanso zolemba zamatsenga. Zoyipa zakuthengo zimafalikira mopitirira malire, kunyoza mtundu ndi kusanja. Ndi mlandu wankhanza wa capitalism wamakono komanso mfuu yankhondo kwa omwe akhalapo, aulere, komanso achibadwidwe. Amabweretsa malo, gulu, lolumikizidwa ndi zinthu – nthaka, moto, mpweya, madzi – muulemerero wawo wonse wopanda ulemu.

Wildwood: Ulendo Wodutsa Mitengo, Roger Deakin, 2007

Tsopano akuwona kuti ndiwolemba kale kwambiri, Wildwood ndi peean wokonda kwambiri zomwe Deakin amatcha “chinthu chachisanu”: mtengo wamatabwa. “Kulowa m’nkhalango,” akutero, “ndikudutsa m’dziko lina momwe ife tomwe timasandulika.” Ngakhale Deakin samayenda kutali – maulendo ake m’machaputalawa amangopita kumunda wakumbuyo, mapikisikiki kunkhalango, malo osungira zachilengedwe, ndi abwenzi mdziko muno omwe amakhala kumidzi yakutchire – pali lingaliro loti mukutsatira nkhani za mitengo. Mwachitsanzo, ndi thundu wazaka 500, mkati mwa Tiger Wood ku Stour Valley ku Suffolk.

Kuphatikiza Kwa Nkhalango, Sylvain Tesso, 2011

Mabuku a “Walden-esque” kwambiri pamndandandawu, Consolations of the Forest akuwona a Tesso akusunthira m’mbali mwa nyanja yakunyanja ya Baikal ku Siberia. “Ndinalonjeza ndekha kuti ndisanakwanitse zaka makumi anayi, ndidzakhala ngati ndekha m’nkhalango.” Ndipo anatero. Ndinali wokonzeka kukhumudwitsidwa ndi malo omwe ali ndi malingaliro ambiri – mzungu akupulumuka yekha m’nkhalango – koma Tesso ali ndi mawonekedwe ofatsa, okopa omwe adandigonjetsa. Powerenga izi, inenso ndinalakalaka moyo wokhazikika pa “manja osavuta”.

Kupita Kumtsinje: Ulendo Wapansi Pamwamba, Olivia Laing, 2011

Nkhani yozungulira, yosinkhasinkha yoyenera buku lotsatira mtsinje. Poterepa, Ouse ku Sussex, momwe Virginia Woolf adadziwonetsera yekha mu 1941. Osati chifukwa chokha chomwe Laing adakopeka ndi izi, komabe. Ili ndi mawonekedwe apadera kwa iye omwe amawawona osangalatsa, ndipo monga mitsinje yonse, imatha kudziwa komwe ikupita – ndikulimbikitsa, akutero, kwa ife miyoyo yotayika. Laing akuyamba kuyenda mamailosi makumi awiri mphambu ziwiri, kuchokera pomwe mtsinjewo umakwera pafupi ndi Haywards Heath mpaka utalowera mu Channel ku Newhaven – ulendo wochokera pagwero kupita kunyanja.

Njira Zakale, Robert Macfarlane, Juni 2012

Pali, mwachisangalalo, ambiri mwa mabuku a Macfarlane omwe angasankhe pamndandandawu – koma The Old Ways, omwe akuwafotokoza ngati buku lachitatu mu trilogy yotayirira yokhudza malo ndi mtima wa munthu ”(pambuyo pa Mountains of the Mind ndi The Wild Places) , imakhala ndi malo apadera chifukwa ndi yokhudza kuyenda kosavuta, ndipo chifukwa akuyenda pachilumba, njira zambiri zopita kunyanja. Zolemba zake ndi zolemera kwambiri – ndi mawu (mu Chingerezi) zachilengedwe zomwe sizingafanane nazo, komabe, zomwe zikuphatikizidwanso ndi kuphweka kosangalatsa kwa “ndidasankha njira ndikuyiyambanso… kuti ndiwone komwe ingapite. ”

Maso Akutchire: Maulendo Akusintha Ndi Mphamvu Zanyama, Eleanor O’Hanlon, 2012

Zaka zambiri zoyendera monga wofufuza m’mabungwe osiyanasiyana azachilengedwe adapita ndi O’Hanlon kupita kumalo a “mphamvu yayikulu” – nkhalango ya taiga yaku Russia, gombe la Serian la Bering Strait, Northern Rockies, komanso m’mphepete mwa madzi oundana a Arctic. Monga Griffith’s Wild, ndizosatheka kukhala m’magulu. M’maso a zakutchire, timasanthula kulumikizana kwathu komwe – komanso malingaliro – ndi zolengedwa zamtchire, anamgumi ndi mimbulu, zimbalangondo ndi akavalo amtchire, ndikubweretsa mafunso ambiri okhudzana ndi ubale wathu ndi chilengedwe. Komanso buku lirilonse lomwe limayamba “Anangumi oyera abwera kwa ife” ali ndi mtima wanga.

Wanderland: Kufufuza Matsenga Pamalo, Jini Reddy, 2020

Buku lonyenga la Reddy limayamba ndi mawu osamveka – anamva ali yekhayekha pamwamba pa phiri ku Pyrenees. Ndipo ndiko kuitana uku, matsenga, kosadziwika, komwe amatsata “Wanderlands” ku Britain. “Ndiyankheni mwachidwi koma ndimafuna china chake kuposa kungodutsa m’malo okongola ndikusilira kukongola kwake.” Zomwe akufuna, ndikukwaniritsa, ndikuyenera kukhala “porous”. Liwu labwino kwambiri lofotokozera momwe zinthu zimakhalira pakati pathu ndi chilengedwe. Mawu a Reddy ndi osiyana, opanduka, anzeru, komanso koposa zonse, olimba mtima. “Ndidzasandutsa dziko lapansili kukhala nyumba yanga.”

Janice Pariat ndi wolemba mabuku, wolemba nkhani zazifupi, komanso wolemba ndakatulo.

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