Europe’s Rail Sector May Fail as a Greener Travel Choice Because of Its Outdated Tech – Skift

Kugula matikiti pa intaneti pa njanji zapakati pa Europe sikokwanira, ngakhale sitima zikuwona kukwera kwa malonda kuchokera kwa omwe amazindikira zachilengedwe. Oyendetsa njanji atha kukhala kuti akupeza gawo lochulukirapo pamsika panthawi yofunikira ngati akadakhala odziwa zambiri.

Maboma aku Europe ayamba kukakamiza ogula kuti azigwiritsa ntchito sitima, zomwe zimatulutsa kaboni wocheperako kuposa ndege. Chaka chino, maboma aku France, Germany, ndi Austria adamangiriza chithandizo chokhudzana ndi mliri ku ndege kukakamiza omwe akunyamula kuti akhale obiriwira. Air France yadula kale maulendo apandege ambiri apanyumba pansi pa maola awiri ndi theka kuti akonde njanji.

“Tatseka njira zina zosalumikiza kuchokera ku Paris pomwe panali njira zina pansi pa maola awiri ndi mphindi makumi atatu,” atero a CEO a Air France a Anne Rigail ku Skift Aviation Forum posachedwa. “Tikugwira ntchito ndi njanji yaku France, SNCF, kuti tithandizire kuyenda komanso kulumikizana.”

Kukakamira kupita kobiriwira kumapereka mpata kwa njanji, zomwe zakhala zikuchepetsedwa kwa zaka zambiri ndi onyamula mtengo pamisewu yambiri.

“Vutoli lisanachitike, tidawona kukula kwa zinthu pafupifupi 7 peresenti, chaka ndi chaka m’misika yokhwima kwambiri ku Europe,” atero a Aaron Gowell, CEO wa kampani yopanga njanji SilverRail.

“Kwa misika ikuluikulu, yokhwima m’maiko omwe alibe kuchuluka kwa anthu, kupeza 7% ikuchulukiradi kwenikweni,” adatero Gowell. “Tidachita kafukufuku, ndipo zambiri zidachitika chifukwa chodetsa maulendo. Anthu anali kupanga, makamaka, kuwononga ndege zapamtunda zazing’ono – makamaka oyenda mabizinesi. ”

Malamulo oyendetsa njanji, cholepheretsa mbiri yakale, akhala akumasuka. Chaka chamawa chizikhala chaka chathunthu choyamba pansi pa malamulo atsopano a European Union omwe adapangidwa kuti atsegule msika wanyumba zonyamula anthu. Ndikudula njanji zofiira mukamayendetsa ntchito kunja kwa mayiko akwawo.

Kuchotsa malamulo kumatsegulira anthu onyamula mwayi wolowa m’misika yakunja, zomwe zimabweretsa mpikisano munjira zomwe apaulendo ochokera kumayiko ena amakhumba. Mwachitsanzo, ku Spain, wogwira ntchitoyo Renfe akukumana ndi SNCF waku France. Kuyambira mu Marichi 2022, Trenitalia yaku Italy ipikisananso pamisewu ina yayitali, monga Madrid ndi Barcelona.

Komabe kampani ya Expedia Group yomwe idatulutsa Okutobala wa Okutobala wa Okutobala wa SilverRail atangokhala ndi kampani yokhayo njanji kwa zaka ziwiri zokha idawonetsa zovuta za gululi.

Kugawa njanji kukuyang’ana Catch-22. Alendo ochokera kumayiko ena amagula matikiti ocheperako ku Europe ochepera 5%, chifukwa chake makampani samathamangira kuti azisungitsa mabuku mosavuta pa intaneti. Komabe ngati matikiti anali osavuta kusungitsa, apaulendo ambiri amatha kuwagula. Ngati wapaulendo afufuza Google pa foni yawo yam’manja kuti apeze njira zoyendera pakati pa mizinda ikuluikulu ku Europe, atha kuwona njira zoyendetsa ndege kapena zoyendetsa galimoto kuposa njanji.

Masiku ano oyendetsa njanji ambiri amangogulitsa kudzera mumawebusayiti awo komanso mabungwe ena oyendera maulendo. Ena sangalandire ngakhale kulipira ngongole kapena makhadi akubanki ochokera kunja kwa dziko lakwawo.

Kugulitsa njanji pa intaneti ndizovuta pazifukwa ziwiri. Sitimayi nthawi zambiri imagwiritsa ntchito makina akale a IT, ndipo alibe magawidwe apadziko lonse lapansi omwe amatha kukhala olumikizana ndi njanji ndi mabungwe, ndege, ndi ogulitsa ena momwe ndege zilili ndi Amadeus, Saber, Travelport, ndi TravelSky. Zomangamanga ndi kulumikizana kwa magawidwe amafunikira kukonzanso pakugulitsa pa intaneti kuti zitheke bwino.

Kubwezeretsa kwa SilverRail

Kumbali yogawa, SilverRail yapereka SilverCore. Pulatifomuyi imamasulira mayendedwe amtundu kuchokera kwa omwe akutenga nawo mbali njanji monga SNCF mchilankhulo chimodzi. Imagawana zomwe zili m’mabungwe oyendera kudzera pachakudya chimodzi. Mabungwe amatha kugulitsa matikiti a sitima kapena kuphatikiza njanji ndi mpweya pomanga mayendedwe.

Expedia idagulitsa kampaniyo mu 2016 kuti ithandizire kugulitsa matikiti a sitima limodzi ndi maulendo aku Expedia aku Britain kenako malo aku Germany. Kenako idagula SilverRail mu 2017 $ 148 miliyoni. Posakhalitsa, Expedia idasintha zomwe idayika patsogolo. Inakoka njanji m’malo ake.

Oyang’anira a SilverRail tsopano ndi omwe ali ndi kampaniyo.

“Mphindi yomwe atolankhaniwa adatulutsidwa, mukudziwa, Booking.com inali pamzere, Kayak anali pamzere, ndipo ena onse ogulitsa kunja uko anali ngati, Chabwino, tsopano titha kulumikizana nanu chifukwa inu ‘ tidziyimiranso, “adatero Gowell.

SilverRail inali yopindulitsa kuyambira Seputembara. Zinapanga $ 40 miliyoni mu ndalama chaka chatha chisanachitike vutoli. Ili ndi ndalama zambiri pamalipiro ake, ndipo ikuyang’ana kupanga zochepa zochepa kapena kupeza ntchito pafupifupi $ 10 miliyoni, atero a Gowell.

SilverRail yasunthira chidwi chawo pazomwe Gowell amalongosola modzipereka ngati njanji yofanana ndi Google’s ITA Software, yomwe imapereka mitengo yamtengo ndi zida zandalama ku ndege. SilverRail ikupanga zida zothandizira njanji kugulitsa bwino pa intaneti.

“Lero, ngati woyendetsa njanji akufuna kuyika njanji mu njira za ndege za Google, muyenera kukhala ndi chinthu chofufuzadi,” adatero Gowell. “Iyenera kukhala yachangu, ndipo iyenera kuthana ndi mitundu yamafunso omwe Google ingaponyedwe pachinthu chonga ichi. Zonyamula njanjizi zikuyendetsabe makina awo osakira pama mainframe akulu omwe IBM kapena munthu wina amene amawapatsa ndalama zochulukirapo poyerekeza ndi mabuku omwe abwera. ”

“Chifukwa chake onyamula njanji onse amanyalanyaza kusaka kwawo,” adatero Gowell. “Saloleza kuti Google izikhala ikuyimba pa makina awo osakira ngati ndi anthu osavomerezeka. Chifukwa chake takhala tikugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yochulukirapo kuganizira za zinthu monga kupanga lingaliro la njanji ndikupanga malo osungira magalasi kuti azitha kunyamula katundu m’malo mwa njanji pamtengo wotsika komanso kuyankha kwabwino kwa ogula. ”

SilverRail pakadali pano ikuyesa beta zomwe zikupezeka posaka ndi Rail Delivery Group, yomwe imathandizira njanji zonse ku UK.

Kufalitsa Vuto

Kufalitsa kumakhalabe kofunikira, komabe. Kugwirizana pakati paonyamula ndi kugwirizanitsa ma code station ndi mameseji kumathandizira ogwiritsa ntchito kuti azitha kuphatikizana ndi omwe amapereka mosadukiza.

Amadeus, chimphona chaukadaulo choyenda ku Madrid, ayesanso kukhala wofalitsa njanji zapadziko lonse lapansi. Mgwirizano waposachedwa kwambiri wamakampani wabwera chaka chatha, pomwe adati idakhala njira yoyamba yogawira matikiti aku China Railway kunja kwa China kupita kumaulendo oyenda pogwiritsa ntchito makina ake.

Amadeus amapereka njira yotchedwa yamalonda yolumikizirana pakati pa oyendetsa njanji ndi mabungwe. Amadeus amayang’anira kukhazikitsa, kulipiritsa, ndi kukhazikika konse, ndipo zimawononga zovuta zachuma komanso zalamulo zogulitsa kudzera pamaulendo apaulendo. Zimasamaliranso kulimbikitsa zotsatsa njanji kwa mabungwe oyendera.

Amadeus amapikisananso popereka chithandizo kwa omwe amanyamula. Mwachitsanzo, makasitomala aku France-Belgian othamanga kwambiri a Thalys International atha kugwiritsa ntchito chiwonetsero cha Amadeus poyerekeza njira zingapo zamayendedwe apamtunda ndi njanji.

Osewera ena, monga IBM ndi Nokia ‘HaCon, apereka zida zogawa.

Koma pamafunika kutenga nawo mbali panjanji zonse zazikulu kuti msika uliwonse wabizinesi ndi bizinesi ukhale wopindulitsa kwa mabungwe ndi ogulitsa m’maiko angapo.

“Kugawa ndi bizinesi yabwino, koma yakula pang’onopang’ono kuposa momwe ndikufunira,” adatero Gowell. “Dziko lapansi likusowa njira yapakatikati yopezera izi zonse. Koma ndi zaka khumi pazinthu izi zisanachitike kuti zifulumire.

Kukonzanso Kwama Tech

Kukhazikitsa malamulo kumabweretsa mpikisano. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kusuntha anthu pakati pamawayilesi sikukwaniranso njanji.

Pankhani yosungitsa mwanzeru komanso kasamalidwe kazinthu, Sqills, wogulitsa njanji ku Dutch, adakhala mtsogoleri wazaka zaposachedwa atapambana zingapo. Onyamula oposa 20 amagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yake. Ogwira ntchito akulemba ntchito kuti akweze njira zawo zosungitsira kuyambira 1980s ndi 1990s kukhala zomwe zitha kusintha.

“Njira yosinthira imatha kuloleza ogwiritsa ntchito kuyesa kuyesa kusintha kwa mitundu yawo yamalonda mwachangu pomwe akugwiranso ntchito pamtengo wotsika pa unit,” atero a Alexander Mul, oyambitsa nawo komanso oyang’anira otsatsa. “Mwa zitsanzo, ndikutanthauza: Kodi ndalama zanu ndi zotani? Mitengo yoyambira ndi kopita? Mitengo yozungulira? Mitengo yochokera patali? Kodi muyenera kusinthana ndi mitundu imeneyi? ”

“Kusintha kwamalonda kudzasiyanitsa opambana ndi omwe ataya,” adatero Mul. “Makina amakono atha kuthandiza kuthana ndi kusinthaku.”

Oyendetsa njanji ambiri akusankha kukweza zida zawo zaukadaulo pazinthu monga kukonzekera ulendo, kasamalidwe kazinthu, kukonza ndandanda, mitengo, kusungitsa ndalama, kulipira matikiti, kugawaniza makasitomala, ndi kupereka malipoti.

“Ntchito iliyonse, kapena yogula, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa pomwe tidakhalako zaka khumi zapitazi, tapambana,” adatero Mul.

M’miyezi iwiri yapitayi, makampani onse oyendetsa sitima ku Britain adasamukira ku Sqills ‘S3 Passenger.

Mu Okutobala, sitima yapamtunda yonyamula anthu ku Canada kudzera pa njanji inati idayamba kusamutsa makina ake kupita ku Sqills S3.

“S3 dongosolo limakhudza maukonde, mitengo, ndi zowerengera,” adatero Mul. “Lili ndi chiphaso. Imalumikizana ndi omwe amapereka ndalama. Zimatsimikizira kuti tikiti imagwiritsidwa ntchito. ”

Ogwiritsa ntchito amagwiritsa ntchito makina a Sqills kenako amalumikizana ndi makampani ngati Trainline, SilverRail, ndi Amadeus kuti apereke matikiti awo ku mabungwe.

Mul adati Sqills sachita ntchito zambiri. Anatinso pafupifupi 95% ya zomwe ogwiritsa ntchito ali nazo ndizotheka kale munjira zake. Wogwiritsa ntchito aliyense amakhala ndi pulogalamu yake pa Amazon Web Services, ndipo magulu am’nyumba omwe amagwiritsa ntchito amayendetsa. Izi ndizosiyana ndi mtundu wogwirizana wokhala ndi mtambo, pomwe kuchepa pamalo amodzi kumatha kutsitsa makasitomala onse.

Zokometsera zina ndizofala, komabe, kulumikiza makina osiyanitsidwa ndi ogulitsa osiyanasiyana, monga makina ogulitsira tikiti ndi pulogalamu yowerengera njanji.

Irish Rail, yomwe idayamba kugwira ntchito ndi ma Sqill ku 2017, idalemba ntchito Cubic wogulitsa kasamalidwe kuti athandizire mawonekedwe a Sqills posungira mawonekedwe ndi njanji zina.

Sqill, yomwe ili ndi antchito opitilira 160, sinatengere ndalama zakunja. M’malo mwake yakula kuchokera pamalipiro m’malo mwa kasitomala wake woyamba, woyendetsa njanji yaying’ono yaku Germany, mu 2010. Imalipira pamtengo wokwera kwambiri, wotsika pang’ono.

Ma Sqill adapanga ndalama pafupifupi $ 25 miliyoni chaka chatha. Ndiye kodi ikufuna ndalama zakunja tsopano kuti zikule?

“Ayi, sindinganene choncho,” adatero Mul. “Chifukwa ukadaulo kapena ndalama si nkhani yoti mupite patsogolo. Tekinolojeyi ilipo kale ndipo ndiyosavuta. Nkhani ndiyakuti oyendetsa ntchito akuyenera kupita. ”

Kubwezeretsa Kukonzanso

Makampani ena angapo amayang’ana kwambiri mayankho okhudzana ndi ogula pamavuto a e-commerce a njanji.

Sitima ya Trainline, yogulitsa matikiti ku UK, ikukulitsa kufikira kwake ku Western Europe. Pambuyo pakupeza wogulitsa tikiti waku France Captain Train, Trainline yakhala ikugwira ntchito ndi makampani kuti apereke matikiti oyendera maulendo m’maiko ambiri, kulola okwera kuti azitha kuyendetsa maulendo aku Europe mwakungodina pang’ono.

A Clare Gilmartin adawulula mwezi uno kuti atula pansi udindo wawo ngati CEO komanso membala wa board kumapeto kwa February 2021 ndipo adzalowa m’malo mwa CEO ndi Chief Operating Officer Jody Ford.

Akusiya makina okula omwe adasokonezedwa ndi vutoli. Mu 2019, Trainline idawona kukula kwa 24% pachaka pazaka. Koma mliriwu wavulaza malonda. Idagulitsa matikiti okwana $ 477 miliyoni patsamba lake komanso pulogalamuyi m’miyezi isanu ndi umodzi mpaka Ogasiti 31. Idabweretsa $ 2.4 biliyoni munthawi yomweyo chaka chatha.

Kiwi.com, kampani yapaulendo yapaintaneti yomwe ili ku Czech Republic, yakhala ikugulitsa masitima apamtunda komanso mabasi apakati pamizinda komanso zopangira ndege. Ndi imodzi mwamakampani ochepa, monga Dohop ndi AirBlackBox, omwe amapereka “kulumikizana kwenikweni” pandege. Lingaliroli lingatanthauzenso njanji. Kulumikizana kwapafupipafupi kumalola onyamula awiri kuti aziphatikiza mayendedwe awo popanda mtengo komanso kuvuta kwamgwirizano wathunthu kapena mgwirizano wapa codec.

Kodi makampani ngati Kiwi.com ndipo mwina ena ogulitsa ngati Omio angapangire njira yolumikizira njanji? Izi zitha kulola kuti ogula agule ulendo wonse pakati pa mfundo ziwiri mwa kusakaniza, kunena, njanji ndi basi, pomwe bungweli limapereka chiphaso cha inshuwaransi pakasokonekera pantchito? Kiwi.com yakhala ikuyesera ntchito zamabasi apakati pa Flixbus ndi RER yantchito yapamtunda ku France.

Onani nkhani yonse

Chithunzi Pazithunzi: Lner, ntchito yanjanji ku UK. Zapansi

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